Celebrated in may the people of Japan?
Golden week holidays in Japan, usually called the time from April 29 to may 5 – a peculiar sort of spring break in the country where the vacation is short, and fading business life in this period gives citizens an opportunity to travel around the country, or abroad.
Since 2001, by the decision of Rango, a leading trade Union associations of the country, the celebration of may day as the International day of solidarity of workers (which is not a state, but is widely celebrated and is a paid day of rest) is postponed to 28 April with the aim to organize mass events for the occasion without sacrificing family and friend trips.
And two years ago, in 2007, greenery Day (Midori no hi) is also moved, from April 29 to may 4, because it coincided with the date of birth of the Emperor Showa (1901-1989), who was known for great love of nature and established this feast when he ascended the throne on 25 December 1926. Title eternal Seva was given to the monarch after the death, during his lifetime his name was Hirohito. It was highly revered by the people of the ruler, and now may 29 – Showa day, a national holiday of Japan.
After the Second world war, under the Constitution, becoming a symbol of state and unity of the people and have been deprived of power, the Emperor led a very active social life, made frequent trips around the country and in other countries. Interestingly, in spring-time visits to these Royal personages were celebrated the festivals of tree planting. In addition, the Emperor was interested in marine biology and has written many scientific papers in this field.
The day of the adoption of the Constitution (Kenpoh-kinen-bi), by the way, since 1948, is celebrated on the eve of 3 may. The basic law was drafted by American lawyers in the occupation regime, the Japanese jurists and politicians were merely consultants. The act provides for the recognition of the sovereignty of the people, fundamental human rights, the principles of separation of powers and local self-government, and the repudiation of war as a sovereign right of the nation for resolving international disputes.
The fifth of may is celebrated children’s Day, established in 1948, although the protagonists by his age-old traditions are boys under the age of 15 years. And it arose in the beginning of our era and was associated with ritual actions that accompanied the spring jubilation of life, which included prayers for health, the gift of men’s vitality, prosperity kind.
The ceremony was a required ritual of the Imperial court, during which the monarch together with his retinue gathered medicinal plants. And the farmers put on the fields bright flags and all sorts of bogeys, including a warrior-protector. Later they were kept in houses as they are perceived not only as the protection of future crops, but also children.
Day was called “tango-but sekku” is a Celebration of the first day of the horse, which symbolizes bravery and courage. Gradually the festivities began to dominate the military-sports competitions, raising the spirit of the samurai of the rising generation: horseback riding, archery, sumo wrestling, sword fighting. While homes have started to put figures in military armor as the personification protect the boy from harm, ensuring happiness in life and help when meeting with trouble. Finally, there was a custom to hang image may 5 carp – koi-nobori, which are considered to be very resilient.
Meals in this special case also serves. Among the ritual food – rice balls in the leaves of iris or bamboo (temaki-sushi), rice cakes wrapped in oak (Kashiwa-mochi) and rice boiled with red beans (sekihan). But there was another name at this day – Cebu-sekku but that means the Celebration of iris, blooming just at this time and considered a symbol of success and health.
After the “Golden week” for the industrious Japanese resumes hard work, but they do not forget about the memorials remaining days of may. On the second Sunday of may is celebrated as mother’s Day. Traditionally, this holiday was supposed to pin a carnation on the chest: children whose mother is alive – red, an orphaned white as a sign of motherly love. But then decided to abandon the white flower to not publicly highlight the fact of her loss.
May have open seasons of fishing, e.g. trout or Ayu fishing with cormorants. Outlandish method has existed for over 1200 years: on the neck of the birds wear special rings and tied their produce from boats in the late evening when the light of lanterns or torches. Because the rings are “hounds” are not able to swallow prey, but from a huge beak not produced, eventually it has to share with the owner. In may, the residents of the rising sun to say goodbye swans leaving the wintering area.
But in the end of may, the 31st, with maximum activity is international no tobacco day. However, while Japan has not left the group leads in the number of smokers countries, among which are China, France, Italy, USA and Russia.