Five days before international women’s day in Japan as a warm-up celebrating the holiday girls. Generally March in Japan is traditionally considered to be women’s month.
And today, March 3rd, celebrate the Holiday girls, who affectionately called Hina Matsuri – holiday of Hina dolls or Momo-but the secca (Momo-no Sekku — the feast of the peach blossom. By the way, and we have many girls call themselves “peaches” – and in General, and in particular.
In ancient times girls Holiday celebrated on the third day of the third month just as a seasonal event. At this time, the peasants were relatively free from agricultural work and could enjoy the first warm days, when you started flowering peach trees.
On this day in noble families were invited exorcists who have made special prayer services, aimed at all the troubles people have switched to paper dolls, which were then taken to swim in the river or sea. These dolls were called “nagashi-Bina”, which means – you’ll be surprised, get ready, friends, to the surprise – “dolls, lowered for the river.”
And remember the famous Japanese tradition of origami: make funny these cranes of paper, and it is believed that the one who will Continue reading
Chapter 1. SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHANGES IN KOREA, THE SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES
In modern historiography, in most cases the XVII century is defined as the beginning of a new history of Korea.
In Soviet historical literature of the new countdown time in Korea is from the XVII century. Any special discussions on this occasion, despite the fact that in the early 1970s, several authors have related the time until the mid-nineteenth century to the “late feudalism”.
In the Korean historical science approach to a new periodization of Korean history is more complex. In South Korea, the time from the beginning of the XVII century until the 1860s, called the period of “transition to a society of the new time”. Meanwhile, the popular reference edition of the mid-1990s, it belongs still to the period of the middle ages. A similar North Korea and the approach to the periodization of the new history of Korea: from one side, until the mid-nineteenth century historians North Korea date from the middle ages, and on the other they celebrate in Korea in XVII-XVIII centuries, the development of commodity-money relations and the emergence of capitalism.
Relative to the upper turn of the new history of Korea in world historiography has been controversial. In the Russian historical science is still the modern history of Korea starting Continue reading
The Korean People’sDemocratic people’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) or North Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the North of the Korean Peninsula. The country’s territory is 120,5 thousand sq. km On land, it borders with China and Russia in the North and to the South by 38th parallel — with South Korea. Bordered on the southwest by the waters of the Yellow and North-East of the sea of Japan. The capital Pyongyang with a population of over 4 million people according to the last 2010 census.
The Koreans are the absolute majority of the population of approximately 24.8 million people. And there are minorities: around 55000 Chinese and 2,000 Japanese. North Korea is a country closed type with paramilitary totalitarian regime. The power in it belongs to the workers ‘ Party of Korea headed by the General secretaries of the family, first on account of them — Kim Il-Sung. The state was formed in 1948 on 9 September, having been essentially a response to education in the South of the Korean Peninsula the Republic of Korea with a Pro-American government. After the Korean war in 1953, both countries are in the “cold” confrontation with repeated military interventions on both sides, especially in the area of the zone demarcation on the 38th parallel.
The national language is only Continue reading