Chapter 1. SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHANGES IN KOREA, THE SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES
In modern historiography, in most cases the XVII century is defined as the beginning of a new history of Korea.
In Soviet historical literature of the new countdown time in Korea is from the XVII century. Any special discussions on this occasion, despite the fact that in the early 1970s, several authors have related the time until the mid-nineteenth century to the “late feudalism”.
In the Korean historical science approach to a new periodization of Korean history is more complex. In South Korea, the time from the beginning of the XVII century until the 1860s, called the period of “transition to a society of the new time”. Meanwhile, the popular reference edition of the mid-1990s, it belongs still to the period of the middle ages. A similar North Korea and the approach to the periodization of the new history of Korea: from one side, until the mid-nineteenth century historians North Korea date from the middle ages, and on the other they celebrate in Korea in XVII-XVIII centuries, the development of commodity-money relations and the emergence of capitalism.
Relative to the upper turn of the new history of Korea in world historiography has been controversial. In the Russian historical science is still the modern history of Korea starting Continue reading
The Korean People’sDemocratic people’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) or North Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the North of the Korean Peninsula. The country’s territory is 120,5 thousand sq. km On land, it borders with China and Russia in the North and to the South by 38th parallel — with South Korea. Bordered on the southwest by the waters of the Yellow and North-East of the sea of Japan. The capital Pyongyang with a population of over 4 million people according to the last 2010 census.
The Koreans are the absolute majority of the population of approximately 24.8 million people. And there are minorities: around 55000 Chinese and 2,000 Japanese. North Korea is a country closed type with paramilitary totalitarian regime. The power in it belongs to the workers ‘ Party of Korea headed by the General secretaries of the family, first on account of them — Kim Il-Sung. The state was formed in 1948 on 9 September, having been essentially a response to education in the South of the Korean Peninsula the Republic of Korea with a Pro-American government. After the Korean war in 1953, both countries are in the “cold” confrontation with repeated military interventions on both sides, especially in the area of the zone demarcation on the 38th parallel.
The national language is only Continue reading
Golden week holidays in Japan, usually called the time from April 29 to may 5 – a peculiar sort of spring break in the country where the vacation is short, and fading business life in this period gives citizens an opportunity to travel around the country, or abroad.
Since 2001, by the decision of Rango, a leading trade Union associations of the country, the celebration of may day as the International day of solidarity of workers (which is not a state, but is widely celebrated and is a paid day of rest) is postponed to 28 April with the aim to organize mass events for the occasion without sacrificing family and friend trips.
And two years ago, in 2007, greenery Day (Midori no hi) is also moved, from April 29 to may 4, because it coincided with the date of birth of the Emperor Showa (1901-1989), who was known for great love of nature and established this feast when he ascended the throne on 25 December 1926. Title eternal Seva was given to the monarch after the death, during his lifetime his name was Hirohito. It was highly revered by the people of the ruler, and now may 29 – Showa day, a national holiday of Japan.
After the Second world war, under the Constitution, becoming a symbol of state Continue reading