«Nihon koku” – 日本国 – literally means “the birthplace of the Sun”. Mysterious Eastern country with the romantic name “the land of the rising sun” is now one of the most economically developed countries in the world. Japanese culture is one of very ancient. First signs of colonization of the Japanese archipelago appeared about 40 thousand years before our era. In the 3rd century of our era, the most powerful Principality of Japan was a land ruled by a woman. Until the 12th century of our era, traditional marriages were polygamous. Men had several wives. They lived in different houses, he visited them and lived with each for several weeks. But since then the tradition has changed, every Japanese is, by law, can only have one wife.
• In the middle ages marriage was allowed to create military or economic coalition between families. To search for a suitable candidate for groom hired a special SWAT – nakodo. Responsible for a dysfunctional marriage too carried nakodo.
• In the Edo period marriages could be concluded even without the presence of bride and groom.
• Decision of marriage taken by the parents of the bride and groom until the mid 20th century.
• To the arranged marriages still have a positive attitude, because the members of noble families decided to marry Continue reading
Traditional forms of the family (Central Asia)
Social relations in the East, including family, had a greater conservatism. Among the sedentary peoples of Central Asia have traditionally been such an archaic form of the family, like a big family, when under the same roof lived three or four generations of blood relatives: his father, his brothers, married sons with children, and sometimes grandchildren. Longer just, to the beginning of XX century these families, sometimes numbering up to a hundred people, was kept in Khorezm and mountainous Tajikistan. A large family was a community with its land, a single economy, when all revenues were received in “common pot” but the intake was a joint. Big family gradually acquired a transitional form undivided family in which the father’s brothers lived separately, and then accelerated the process of separation of pairs of small families. However, ethnographers are still in the middle of the twentieth century recorded the remnants bolshezemel relationship, when the father considered it a personal affront to the care of the family’s married son.
Nomadic peoples big family was also known, its members could live in several yurts, however, stood out “big” his father’s Yurt, which had been Continue reading
Chapter 1. SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHANGES IN KOREA, THE SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES
In modern historiography, in most cases the XVII century is defined as the beginning of a new history of Korea.
In Soviet historical literature of the new countdown time in Korea is from the XVII century. Any special discussions on this occasion, despite the fact that in the early 1970s, several authors have related the time until the mid-nineteenth century to the “late feudalism”.
In the Korean historical science approach to a new periodization of Korean history is more complex. In South Korea, the time from the beginning of the XVII century until the 1860s, called the period of “transition to a society of the new time”. Meanwhile, the popular reference edition of the mid-1990s, it belongs still to the period of the middle ages. A similar North Korea and the approach to the periodization of the new history of Korea: from one side, until the mid-nineteenth century historians North Korea date from the middle ages, and on the other they celebrate in Korea in XVII-XVIII centuries, the development of commodity-money relations and the emergence of capitalism.
Relative to the upper turn of the new history of Korea in world historiography has been controversial. In the Russian historical science is still the modern history of Korea starting Continue reading