Chapter 1. SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHANGES IN KOREA, THE SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES
In modern historiography, in most cases the XVII century is defined as the beginning of a new history of Korea.
In Soviet historical literature of the new countdown time in Korea is from the XVII century. Any special discussions on this occasion, despite the fact that in the early 1970s, several authors have related the time until the mid-nineteenth century to the “late feudalism”.
In the Korean historical science approach to a new periodization of Korean history is more complex. In South Korea, the time from the beginning of the XVII century until the 1860s, called the period of “transition to a society of the new time”. Meanwhile, the popular reference edition of the mid-1990s, it belongs still to the period of the middle ages. A similar North Korea and the approach to the periodization of the new history of Korea: from one side, until the mid-nineteenth century historians North Korea date from the middle ages, and on the other they celebrate in Korea in XVII-XVIII centuries, the development of commodity-money relations and the emergence of capitalism.
Relative to the upper turn of the new history of Korea in world historiography has been controversial. In the Russian historical science is still the modern history of Korea starting Continue reading
The Korean People’sDemocratic people’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) or North Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the North of the Korean Peninsula. The country’s territory is 120,5 thousand sq. km On land, it borders with China and Russia in the North and to the South by 38th parallel — with South Korea. Bordered on the southwest by the waters of the Yellow and North-East of the sea of Japan. The capital Pyongyang with a population of over 4 million people according to the last 2010 census.
The Koreans are the absolute majority of the population of approximately 24.8 million people. And there are minorities: around 55000 Chinese and 2,000 Japanese. North Korea is a country closed type with paramilitary totalitarian regime. The power in it belongs to the workers ‘ Party of Korea headed by the General secretaries of the family, first on account of them — Kim Il-Sung. The state was formed in 1948 on 9 September, having been essentially a response to education in the South of the Korean Peninsula the Republic of Korea with a Pro-American government. After the Korean war in 1953, both countries are in the “cold” confrontation with repeated military interventions on both sides, especially in the area of the zone demarcation on the 38th parallel.
The national language is only Continue reading
Ancient Samarkand was a major trading center of the silk Road. Merchants passed these places transporting silk from the East to the West. The Silk Road was located several hundred cities. But in the middle of the XIV Century Samarkand became the stand out among them with its magnificence and wealth. This town owes its prosperity to the great conqueror, the descendant of Genghis Khan – Amir Temur. His Empire stretched from North India and almost to the shores of the Pacific ocean and to Turkey. But during his campaigns was unichtojena more than 17 million people. Amir Temur was a despotic and cruel government Telem. But this cruel man was a patron of the arts, scholarship and craft.
The beauty of the palaces of Amir Temur’s times is not their size but their amazing finish. Simple materials the ancient builders were able to create architectural masterpieces. A characteristic feature of buildings in the Timurid era is the widespread use of izraztsov tiles that came, must be from the architecture of Iran. Buildings are literally covered by it. The tiles are very bright and saturated colors. The combination of blue, yellow and green colors creates ineffable beauty of the pattern. Tile and tile products from green glass became a symbol of the heyday of Eastern, Central Asian Continue reading