The Korean People’sDemocratic people’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) or North Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the North of the Korean Peninsula. The country’s territory is 120,5 thousand sq. km On land, it borders with China and Russia in the North and to the South by 38th parallel — with South Korea. Bordered on the southwest by the waters of the Yellow and North-East of the sea of Japan. The capital Pyongyang with a population of over 4 million people according to the last 2010 census.
The Koreans are the absolute majority of the population of approximately 24.8 million people. And there are minorities: around 55000 Chinese and 2,000 Japanese. North Korea is a country closed type with paramilitary totalitarian regime. The power in it belongs to the workers ‘ Party of Korea headed by the General secretaries of the family, first on account of them — Kim Il-Sung. The state was formed in 1948 on 9 September, having been essentially a response to education in the South of the Korean Peninsula the Republic of Korea with a Pro-American government. After the Korean war in 1953, both countries are in the “cold” confrontation with repeated military interventions on both sides, especially in the area of the zone demarcation on the 38th parallel.
The national language is only Korean. The name of the alphabet “Hangul” and includes 24 characters. He’s only 600 years old, he was created by king Sejong the Great in the Middle ages. Foreign languages in Korea are studied only in specialized faculties of universities. The main ones are: Chinese, Russian. English and Japanese. Since 1975 education in the country is compulsory, and the number of universities has reached 150.
Symbols of North Korea is part of its flag, with a red star in a white circle on a red banner, which symbolizes revolutionary traditions, spirit and patriotism. White and blue fringing of the flag is the purity of ideals and the desire to unite with all revolutionary forces in the world. The image shows a hydroelectric power plant (natural strength and power), star and stems of rice. Symbols of the DPRK include
ruling the country for almost 70 years, three generations of the Kim family, and also – “the Juche idea”, i.e. of self-reliance that involves and justifies the existing closed nature of the country.
Public holidays are days of liberation, the birth of Kim Il Sung, the sun, the birth of Kim Jong Il. Widely, with military parades celebrate the day: people’s army of Korea, celebrated on 25 April, the victory in the Patriotic war of 1951-53, celebrating July 27 and — the country’s liberation from Japanese (1945), which is celebrated on 15 August. Folk festivals include the days of the harvest, celebrated on 24 September and labor – May 1 and New Year’s day – January 1.
Definitely Korean food consists of soup, rice and a large number of savoury snacks called “panchan”. The main entrée is a “kimchi”, it consists of pickled and salted vegetables, mainly white cabbage, radish and red pepper. In Korea, kimchi is like sauerkraut in Russia, a symbol of national cuisine. Carvery very popular “sagipsul” – slightly fatty pork, fried in the restaurant visitors independently on the grill. Foreign tourists offer the famous Korean samovar, double vessel, where the inside products, and in the space between the vessels is burning the alcohol as fuel for cooking. The composition of the products of “samovar” includes 30 to 40 items, from seafood to meat.
The landscape is mountainous North Korea. The country has developed mining and extractive industries. Minerals from mined ore and various non-ferrous alloy metals: zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, Nickel and molybdenum. Is widely developed the production of graphite and quartz, there are reserves of coal. Uranium mining is a prerequisite for the development of the nuclear industry in the military field. The country is rich in hydropower resources of the mountainous rivers.
Natural attractions in North Korea include a mountain range with Mekan beautiful waterfalls and lakes between the mountains, which are a favorite place for tourists. A lot of visitors and on the extinct volcano baekdu (White mountain). It is named so because in winter the slopes are covered with snow, and in summer it is also black from volcanic pumice. The mountain Kumgang in the South-East of the country 12020 attractive by the presence of cliffs and rocks that form it. Inside the array there are numerous thermal and mineral springs and the popular holiday resorts of the Koreans and also foreign tourists. The capital of North Korea – Pyongyang, is considered a landmark of the country. The city rebuilt after the Korean war and continues to be built. It houses the Mausoleum of Kim Il Sung, the revolutionary Museum and the needle 170-meter Tower of the Juche idea.
It should be noted and the largest stadium in the world on 150 thousand of places, as well as the area leader of North Korea — Kim Il-Sung, where all the national holidays and famous North Korean military parades. Near Pyongyang are historical relics: Anaxa tomb of the “father of the Korean nation,” the king of Tangan the mount with the old walls and castle at its summit. Cobasan in the mountains, to the South there are the famous defensive wall VII century Buddhist temple and Sonabel, built in the IX century.