Tea traditions of different countries
It is considered that drinking tea began in the territory of the modern Chinese province of Sichuan (Four streams). According to historians, the tradition of drinking tea goes back more than two thousand years. Mentions tea meet since the epoch of Spring and Autumn (VIII-V C. BC), but works devoted to the art of tea and tea, appear much later. For a long time, tea was a privilege of emperors and the upper class, but later (XIV-XVII centuries) spread among all segments of the population.
The consumption of tea in China long ago developed into a real art of the tea ceremony kung fu cha. This ceremony consists of several stages that help to enjoy all the richness of taste, aroma and useful properties of tea. Special attention is paid in China to the emotional state of a person when he proceeds to the tea ceremony. The process of preparation and consumption of tea beverages must free from worries, to clear the mind, lead to a state of clarity and calmness.
Tea culture of China for centuries, was maintained by the special construction of the tea houses and pavilions, fabrication of tea ware, the tea breeding of new varieties and ways of cooking, and also literary works dedicated to tea (Lu Yu – the classic of tea, Hui Tsung – a treatise on tea, etc.). Tea is grown almost everywhere and has become one of the major products of mass consumption. According to some sources, in China there are over 8,000 varieties.
After the global political changes that affected China in the twentieth century, the popularity of tea in recent years is quickly restored. Today, for example, about 80% of all tea grown in the country goes to domestic consumption, and only 20% is exported. The most popular Chinese teas – green and turquoise (Oolong tea in Russian classification).
In Japan tea first came from China in the eighth century by Buddhist monks. Its spread around the country he got along with Zen Buddhism in the XII-XV centuries.
Tea has penetrated deeply into the culture of the Japanese, began to appear teahouses, was carried out “tea tournaments” (by guessing the origin of tea) and tea ceremonies. Method of preparation of tea, in which tea is crushed into powder and mixed with water to the consistency of liquid sour cream, turning into a tart and very fragrant drink also came from China. He later became an integral part of Japanese tea ceremony – a philosophy of art of tea drinking. As explained by the Japanese themselves, the ceremony teaches us to see beauty in the ordinary and simple, find beauty in small things, to realize the highest value that is given in this life.
Traditionally, the Japanese prefer green tea. a large part of which is in the Central part of Honshu (Shizuoka Prefecture). However, in the process of globalization, the Japanese began to use other varieties and types of tea from around the world.
India and Sri Lanka
Despite the fact that India and Sri Lanka are the world’s largest suppliers of tea, the drink itself among the local population has not gained much popularity. Most here prefer different juices and dairy products (the halo punch, Lassi) is served, usually with ice. In India there are so-called ginger tea, which is often mixed with lemon especially in the winter.
As for regular tea, in India and Sri Lanka is dominated by English traditions of tea drinking. Here they drink mostly black tea. served with sugar, milk and spices (cinnamon, cardamom, ginger, etc.), and sugar and spices are added to the water before boiling. Brewing norm is 1.5-2 tablespoons per Cup; tea is brewed in one go, immediately pouring an entire kettle of water. And even in India, drinking iced tea and mint. In this case, pour cooled brewed tea in a glass with ice and add orange slices, lemon and mint.
Tea is quite popular in many African countries and not only black, but also green. For example, in Morocco (the first African importer of tea) drink green tea with mint and lots of sugar. In Egypt prefer black tea from Kenya, Malawi or Sri Lanka, and in southern areas of the country make a very strong tea by boiling it for 5 minutes. Tea in Egypt sometimes add mint or milk.
Here along with popular tea beverage produced by steeping the flowers Sudanese rose – hibiscus .
Kenya as a major exporter of black tea your. is it a regular consumer. In this country there are different recipes for tea with spices.
With regard to South Africa, and drinking tea here. But, for example, in South Africa’s most popular national drink – Rooibos. It is made from special plants (“red Bush”), no caffeine and very useful.
Tea first appeared in Europe in 1610 in Portugal, it was brought to Lisbon by Portuguese seafarers from China. The profitability of the tea trade quickly discovered by the Dutch, due to which tea afterwards came to England. But its popularity grew slowly because of high prices and all sorts of rumors about the dangers of tea. This tea rush occurred here in the late XVIII century. Tea became very popular among the British, and during the nineteenth century, tea plantations started to emerge in the English colonies: in India and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). In different layers of society there was a tradition of a daily tea party ’s 5 o’clock”. In the end, England became and remained the record for tea consumption in the world, creating such famous brands as ‘English Breakfast’, ‘Earl grey “, not to mention the tea companies.
In Central and South America tea came in the colonial era, but its popularity here has never been high. This is due to the fact that countries in this part of the world, first, the widespread cultivation and consumption of coffee, and, secondly, there is enough Taepodong their drinks: Yerba mate, Lapacho. Catuaba, once. However, there are countries that have recently become not only producers, but also exporters of tea. These include, primarily, Argentina, which produces low quality tea, including exports to Russia and Brazil, which recently began to grow tea in the vast coffee region of Bahia.